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How do you manage and overcome sudden, overwhelming panic that seems to consume your entire being for extended periods?

Panic attacks typically peak and subside within 10-15 minutes, making it essential to develop techniques to ride them out.

The amygdala, a small almond-shaped structure in the brain, is often referred to as the "fear epicenter" and plays a crucial role in panic attacks.

The parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) is responsible for promoting relaxation and reducing anxiety; techniques like deep breathing can activate the PNS to calm the body.

When experiencing panic, the body's "fight or flight" response is triggered, releasing stress hormones like adrenaline, leading to physical symptoms like a racing heart and shortness of breath.

The brain's default mode network (DMN) is responsible for introspection and self-reflection; during panic, the DMN can create negative thought patterns, making it essential to redirect focus to the present moment.

Panic attacks often strike without any clear trigger, making it challenging to anticipate and prepare for them.

Rapid heart rate, increased blood pressure, and shallow breathing are common physical symptoms experienced during a panic attack.

The body's autonomic nervous system (ANS) regulates automatic functions like heart rate and breathing; during panic, the ANS can become imbalanced, leading to physical symptoms.

The brain's hippocampus, responsible for forming new memories, can be affected by chronic anxiety, leading to difficulties in forming new memories.

Mindfulness practices, such as meditation and deep breathing, can increase grey matter in the brain, leading to increased emotional regulation and reduced anxiety.

The body's stress response is regulated by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis; chronic stress and anxiety can disrupt the HPA axis, leading to long-term effects on mental health.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a highly effective therapy for treating panic disorder, focusing on identifying and changing negative thought patterns.

Exposure therapy, which involves gradually confronting feared situations, is an evidence-based treatment for reducing anxiety in individuals with panic disorder.

The concept of "experiential avoidance" suggests that attempting to avoid or suppress anxiety can paradoxically increase its intensity; instead, confronting and accepting anxiety can lead to reduced symptoms.

The brain's prefrontal cortex, responsible for executive function and decision-making, can be impaired during panic, leading to difficulties in rational thinking.

Physical exercise, such as yoga and aerobic exercise, can reduce anxiety symptoms by releasing endorphins, also known as "feel-good" hormones.

Progressive muscle relaxation, a technique involving tensing and relaxing muscle groups, can help reduce physical tension during panic.

The "5-4-3-2-1" grounding technique, which involves focusing on five things seen, four things touched, three things heard, two things smelled, and one thing tasted, can help grounding during panic.

Panic attacks can occur at any time, and being prepared with coping strategies, such as deep breathing and grounding techniques, can help reduce anxiety and regain control.

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