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How can I recover from my first-ever panic attack on Sunday and prevent future episodes, considering I've been struggling with anxiety for months but never experienced a panic attack before?

Panic attacks can come on suddenly, without warning, but over time, they're usually triggered by specific situations.

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The body's natural fight-or-flight response to danger is involved in panic attacks.

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Panic attacks are surprisingly common, affecting about 15% of the US population in their lifetime.

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Most experts define a panic attack as a sudden onset of intense fear, as opposed to a condition like general anxiety, which usually manifests as almost constant worry.

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People who experience panic attacks may feel fatigued and worn out after an attack subsides.

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Common symptoms of panic attacks include heart palpitations, sweating, trembling or shaking, shortness of breath, and chest pain.

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Panic attacks have many variations, but symptoms usually peak within minutes.

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Your body's natural response to danger can contribute to panic attacks.

Research on this topic suggests that your body is responding to an imaginary threat.

("When you have a panic attack, your body's natural response to danger kicks in, releasing stress hormones like adrenaline and cortisol," says Dr.

Samantha Boardman, a clinical instructor in psychiatry at Weill Cornell Medical College.) (.)

Treatment options for panic attacks include therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and medication.

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Studies have shown that ongoing therapy and counseling can help alleviate symptoms of panic attacks over time.

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The brain's amygdala, a small almond-shaped structure, plays a crucial role in fear responses, including panic attacks.

Research suggests that the amygdala releases neurotransmitters like glutamate and dopamine to heighten the fear response.

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The brain's default mode network (DMN) also plays a role in panic attacks.

The DMN is responsible for mind-wandering, and research suggests that it may contribute to the experience of fear and anxiety.

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Recent research has shown that reducing stress and anxiety through practices like mindfulness meditation can help reduce the frequency and severity of panic attacks.

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The neurobiological basis of panic attacks involves the interaction between the amygdala, the prefrontal cortex, and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis.

This complex system regulates stress response and emotion regulation.

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Research into the neurobiology of panic attacks suggests that epigenetic factors may contribute to an increased risk of developing panic disorder.

Epigenetic changes can affect gene expression and influence the development of mental health disorders like panic disorder.

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