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What are some common experiences people have had when thinking they were going to _______________, but it turned out to be a false alarm?

The sensation of "just missing a step" when there was actually none is caused by a discrepancy between expected and actual sensory input, often due to a momentary lapse in attention.

The "Lombard effect" describes how people unconsciously raise their voices in noisy environments to maintain a consistent level of loudness relative to the background noise.

The "Verbal Transmission Effect" refers to the phenomenon where stories become more exaggerated with each retelling due to the teller subtly altering details for added effect.

The "Peltzman Effect" suggests that people often engage in riskier behavior when they feel safer, such as driving faster when wearing a seatbelt.

The "Dunning-Kruger Effect" explains why people with limited knowledge in a field often overestimate their abilities, while those with greater expertise tend to underestimate theirs.

The "Spontaneous Reminiscence Effect" is the tendency of older adults to recall autobiographical memories more frequently and vividly when prompted by words or phrases.

The "Placebo Effect" shows that even inert substances can produce real improvements in symptoms due to patients' expectations of benefit.

The " auditory déjà vu" is the eerie sensation of hearing a familiar yet unfamiliar sound, often caused by a song's similarity to another or the brain misinterpreting patterns.

The "Phantom Traffic Jam" phenomenon occurs when minor disturbances in traffic flow create sequential stopping and starting, propagating backward for miles.

The "Capgras Delusion" is a rare condition in which a person believes that a familiar person has been replaced by an imposter.

The "Tetris Effect" refers to the experience of involuntarily visualizing or performing a repeated activity, such as seeing Tetris-like patterns in everyday objects.

The "Sleep Onset REM Periods" (SOREMPs) are brief episodes of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep occurring early in the sleep cycle, often indicative of narcolepsy.

The "exploding head syndrome" is a condition where one experiences sudden, loud noises, typically during the onset of sleep, although the cause remains unknown.

The "Charles Bonnet Syndrome" causes vivid, complex hallucinations in people with reduced vision, resulting from the brain's attempt to compensate for lost sensory input.

The " visually evoked potentials" (VEP) are brain responses to visual stimuli that can be measured to assess visual function and neurological health.

The "inattentional blindness" occurs when individuals fail to perceive unexpected visual stimuli when focusing on a specific task or object.

The "McGurk Effect" demonstrates that audio and visual cues can interact in the brain, causing a discrepancy between perceived and actual sounds.

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