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Why does life feel like a constant battle against pain, suffering, and inevitable heartbreak?

The perception of life as a constant battle can be linked to the brain's negativity bias, which causes us to give more weight to negative experiences than positive ones.

Human brains are more sensitive to loss than to gain, known as loss aversion - we feel the pain of loss about twice as intensely as the pleasure of gain.

The set point theory suggests that our capacity for happiness and sadness is relatively stable, and major life events have a temporary impact on our emotional state.

The hedonic adaptation, or the "hedonic treadmill" concept, explains why we quickly return to a relatively stable level of happiness despite major positive changes in our lives.

The concept of eudaimonia, derived from Aristotelian philosophy, emphasizes the importance of personal growth, self-realization, and living a life of purpose as factors influencing overall well-being.

Research shows that helping others, or prosocial behavior, can increase one's own happiness and well-being, known as the "helper's high" effect.

According to Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, self-actualization, the highest level of need, is achieved when individuals realize their full potential and find meaning and purpose in their lives.

The psychological concept of "flow" describes a state of complete absorption in an activity, leading to a sense of fulfillment and well-being.

Research on Posttraumatic Growth (PTG) indicates that people can experience positive psychological change as a result of struggling with highly challenging life circumstances.

Research on the U-shaped happiness curve suggests that happiness tends to decline in early adulthood, reach a low point around midlife, and then increase in older age.

The concept of mindfulness, derived from Buddhist meditation practices, involves cultivating present-moment awareness and can reduce negative emotions, increase well-being, and buffer against stress.

The Broaden-and-Build theory of positive emotions, proposed by Barbara L.

Fredrickson, posits that positive emotions expand people's momentary thought-action repertoires and build their physical, intellectual, and social resources.

High levels of conscientiousness, one of the Big Five personality traits, have been linked to greater life satisfaction and well-being.

Research on the "dark side" of high IQ suggests that individuals with higher cognitive ability might be more prone to experiencing negative emotions such as anxiety, depression, and loneliness.

The concept of "flow" can reduce the perception of time, leading to a phenomenon called "time distortion" or "time dilation," where people experience time as moving more slowly.

Recent neuroscientific findings suggest that the human brain has a "negativity bias" because negative events and emotions have a stronger impact on our decision-making and behavior.

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